Exchange Program Netherlands
with the 1999-2000 school year, a major restructuring of general secondary
education was implemented. These changes mainly affect VBO, the last two
years of MAVO, the last two years of HAVO and the last three years of VWO.
Secondary education consists of VBO (pre-vocational education), MAVO (junior
general secondary education), HAVO (senior general education) and VWO (pre-university
education). Those with a VBO Diploma can then go on to the MBO. The MAVO
prepares for senior secondary vocational education (MBO).
with the 1999-2000 school year, MAVO and MBO have been officially classified
in the same category of education known as VMBO (Voorbereidend Middelbaar
Beroepsonderwijs) or preparatory secondary education. Depending on interest
can choose from one of four learning tracks or routes: 1) the theoretical
route granting admission to long MBO or HAVO; 2) the vocationally-oriented
route granting admission to long training in secondary vocational education
(MBO) or to short training programmes; 3) a mixed educational route with
a combination of general subjects and a vocationally-oriented subject; and
4) a professional practice route, oriented towards the labour market and
aimed at a specific group for which VMBO is the last educational stage.
prepares for higher professional education (HBO). Students go on to the
VWO or choose senior secondary vocational training instead of higher professional
education. VWO prepares for university studies, but many pupils continue
in HBO. There are 3 kinds of VWO Certificates: Atheneum, Gymnasium and Unified
VWO Certificate. An important result of the recent educational reforms regarding
VMBO, HAVO and VWO is that pupils in the last two years of VMBO, the last
two years of HAVO and the last three years of VWO have to complete the curriculum
requirements for one of four subject clusters. VMBO pupils can choose between
Technology, Health and Personal Care and Welfare, Economics and Agriculture.
HAVO and VWO pupils can choose between Nature and Technology, Nature and
Health, Economics and Society and Culture and Society. Beginning in
January 1997, a new national qualification framework for adult and vocational
education (beroepsonderwijs) went into effect with four levels of
training and two learning paths. This new system incorporates the senior
secondary vocational educational courses (MBO) and apprenticeship training
courses (leerlingwezen) that had existed before. Under the new system, each
level of qualification corresponds to a different type of course: 1) assistentopleiding,
training to assistant level lasting 6 months to 1 year, 2) basisberoepsopleiding,
basic vocational training (2-3 years), 3) vakopleiding, professional training
(2-4 years) and 4) at level 4, middle-management training (3-4 years) and
specialist training (1-2 years). Students can take these courses consecutively,
the Diploma for one course serving to gain entry to the next.
The Dutch education system is a government-subsidized system divided
into two sections: a six-year primary education program and a secondary
education program. The secondary education may last four to six years, depending
on the type of career the student wishes to follow. Many vocational schools
last only 4 years, while students who wish to attend a university must attend
a 6-year program. Two Worlds United students will attend a local secondary high school.
Typical subjects in a Dutch high school include: Dutch, English, Geography,
Math, History , Computer Science, Chemistry, Biology, Social Science, Physics,
Religion, Music, Economics, Drawing and Physical Education.
15 Jul to: 1 Sep