Exchange Program Spain
the 1990 reform, compulsory secondary education (ESO) lasts for four years
(from 12 to 16) divided into two two-year cycles (from 12 to 14 and from
14 to 16) and leads to the Graduado en Educación Secundaria Certificate.
This certificate is required for a) Bachillerato studies (16 to 18) and
b) intermediate vocational training (Ciclos Formativos de Grado Medio).
Bachillerato students who have completed all subjects successfully are awarded
the Título de Bachillerato (before the 1990 reform students had to complete
the Curso de Orientación Universitaria as well). To enter university, students
must sit for an entrance examination (Prueba de Acceso a la Universidad).
In intermediate vocational training (Ciclos Formativos de Grado medio) students
who successfully complete their training are awarded the Certificado de
Técnico in the relevant field. This certificate enables them to work in
areas related to their training, to pursue further training or study for
Schools in Spain begin in mid-September and finish around June 23rd.
Students attend primary school (colegio) until 6th grade. They then enter
ESO for 4 years, followed by 2 years of university preparatory courses called
Students will be placed in one of the following three grades:
The Spanish tend to take more subjects in a week than most Americans.
Rather than have the same subjects 5 days a week, the students' schedules
vary from day to day. The classes are also more theoretical, and students
are expected to study quite a lot outside of the classroom.
The students must all take
certain core classes, which include: Spanish Language, Spanish Literature,
Foreign Language, Philosophy, and Physical Education. Additionally students
must choose one optional area from within four groups: Arts, Humanities
and Social Sciences, Natural and Health Sciences, or Technology. More information
about these classes will be given to you once on program. Student Exchange
Catalan, Spanish, Basque, Galician