Study Abroad Canada.
education in Canada is the constitutional responsibility of the provinces.
The two main types of institutions providing higher education are 17 universities
and 25 colleges of applied arts and technology (CAATs). Universities are
degree-granting institutions. CAATS provide technical and vocational programmes
usually leading to a Certificate or Diploma.
2000, the Postsecondary Education Quality Assessment Board (PEQAB) was established
to advise the Minister of Training, Colleges and Universities on the suitability
of new degree programmes, including college applied degree programmes, those
offered by out-of-province institutions and by any private institutions
located in the province. Institutions will apply to the Board to have their
programmes approved. Once an application is reviewed, and a decision is
made, the Board will submit its recommendation to the Minister who will
then determine whether to approve the programme. Universities are independently-administered
institutions with full autonomy on admissions and all other academic matters.
The governing bodies of the CAATs are appointed by the Ontario Council of
Regents (OCOR), a provincial government agency. Besides various government-supported
pre-employment, apprenticeship, there are also many private vocational or
career training institutions, which are required to register with the Ministry
of Training, Colleges and Universities.